Fetal chromosome Abnormalities : Sonography in Obstetrics and Gynaecology

The history of sonography in obstetrics and gynaecology may be traced back to Ian Donald and his Glasgow colleagues' landmark 1958 Lancet publication. It is inconceivable to imagine practising Obstetrics and Gynecology without one of the several types of ultrasonography accessible now, fifty years later. Clinical researchers have seied technological advances such as solid state circuitry, real-time imaging, colour and power Doppler, transvaginal sonography, and 4D imaging to improve the investigation and management of patients in areas as diverse as foetal growth and wellbeing, screening for foetal anomalies, prediction of pre-eclampsia and preterm birth, detection of ectopic gestation, evaluation of pelvic masses, screening for ovarian cancer, and more. Ultrasound-guided techniques are becoming standard practise in foetal therapy and IVF. This succinct history is written by someone who has witnessed each of these advancements over the course of the ultrasound era and can put them into context


Tim David

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